Archer, Gleason. A. Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1982.
Every student of the Bible will soon realize that there are seeming contradictions and many passages which are difficult to understand. This work by Archer works book by book through the Bible, examining difficult passages, discussing principles of proper interpretation and providing answers to those difficulties.
Archer, Gleason A. Survey of Old Testament Introduction. Chicago: Moody Bible Institute of Chicago, 1994.
This work will provide a more in depth discussion of each book of the Old Testament. Material covered includes the authorship and date of each book, the general theme and outline of the book, specific background material and each books relation to the Old Testament as a whole.
Bartholomew, Craig G. and Michael Goshen. Finding Our Place in the Biblical Story. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2002.
Bruce, F. F. New Testament History. New York: Doubleday, 1971.
The author covers the wide scope of the history of the New Testament era. He details the Greek, Roman and Jewish cultures and immediate history leading up to the beginning of the New Testament as well as the history of the peoples and regions detailed during the first 70 years of the Christian era.
Elwell, Walter A. Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible. Grand Rapids: Baker Publishing, 1998.
A Bible dictionary or encyclopedia is an essential tool for study. This excellent work provides information on virtually every person, place, event, theme in the Bible; and every piece of historical and background information related to the Bible.
Elwell, Walter A. Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. Carlisle, UK: Paternoster Press, 2001.
This is one of the best reference works available for the student of theology. The entries include key theological terms and concepts as well as key individuals and movements. All of the entries have listings of additional material for further study with excellent indexes and clearly written articles.
Enns, Paul. The Moody Handbook of Theology. Chicago: Moody Publishers, 2008.
The author provides a clear and even-handed introduction to the various theological systems that exist. It deals with the differences of Biblical interpretation that lead to each system and provides information on theological terms and concepts.
Fee, Gordon and Douglas Stuart. How to Read the Bible for All It’s Worth: A Guide to Understanding the Bible. 2nd Ed. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1993.
Kaiser, Walter C. A History of Israel. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1998.
The Old Testament was written within a particular historical period that many people are not familiar with. Keeping the people, places and dates clear is necessary to properly understand the Old Testament text. The author provides and excellent and readable text covering the history of Israel, particularly in relation to the world events around her in the ancient time.
McClain, Alva. The Greatness of the Kingdom. Winona Lake: BMH Books, 2009.
Perhaps one of the best books written on the subject of the Kingdom. Understanding the theme and material in this book will give you a framework for understanding the larger themes of the Bible and God's purposes and plans in history.
Nave, Orville J. Nave's Topical Bible. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2003.
Nave's Topical Bible is the classic topical Bible that features 100,000 Bible passages organized under more than 20,000 topics. A favorite for over eighty years, Nave's Topical Bible is an indispensable tool for serious study of the Scriptures. Includes Fan-Tab Thumb-Index Reference System.
Pfeiffer, Charles F. and Everett F. Harrison. Wycliffe Bible Commentary. Chicago: The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago, 1990.
Long a favorite one volume Bible commentary, this work differs from that of Wiersbe in that it is slightly more technical and deals with issues of authorship, composition and the meaning of each book of the Bible.
Pfeiffer, Charles F., and Howard F. Vos (Editors). Wycliffe Historical Geography of Bible Lands. Chicago: Moody, 1970.
One the most helpful books available to detail the geography of the Biblical world. This work is richly illustrated and well-written, detailing the major geographic regions of the Biblical world, their immediate history, major cities and the role of geography in setting the stage for the Biblical world.
Roberts, Vaughan. God’s Big Picture: Tracing the Storyline of the Bible. Grand Rapids: InterVarsity, 2002.
Rosscup, James. Commentaries for Biblical Expositors. The Woodlands: Kress Christian Publications, 2003.
As you move on to more in depth Bible study or even prepare to teach a Sunday School class or home Bible study lesson, you will want to consult commentaries on individual books of the Bible. Before spending money on commentaries that don't meet your needs you should refer to this excellent tool by James Rosscup. He details different commentaries and gives a brief annotation about each of them. He classifies them according to their type and general usefulness.
Saucy, Robert. Scripture. Nashville: Word Publishing, 2001.
The doctrine of the Bible and the affirmation of the inspiration, inerrancy, authority and sufficiency of Scripture is a foundational doctrine for Biblical Christianity. This book details and defends the doctrine of inspiration and inerrancy of Scripture.
Sproul, R.C. Knowing Scripture. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2009.
Every Christian should be involved in regular personal reading and studying of the Bible. This excellent book details the reasons why personal Bible study is vital for ones spiritual growth and also details practical steps to begin or enrich those studies. A "how to" book that is easily understood full of practical advice.
Tenney, Merrill C. New Testament Survey. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing, 1985.
As with the Old Testament survey book, this work provides a more in depth introduction to each of the books of the New Testament. Issues of authorship, background, date of writing and general themes are discussed. A helpful outline of each book of the New Testament is included and the relationship of each book to the whole of the New Testament is discussed.
Thomas, Robert L. Evangelical Hermeneutics. Grand Rapids: Kregel Academic & Professional, 2003.
This book builds and advances the concepts in How to Interpret the Bible for Yourself. The author details the importance of the grammatical-historical method of interpretation and the concept of the "single meaning" of any portion of Scripture. This work provides principles for interpretation and the Biblical logic behind those principles.
Thomas, Robert L. Harmony of the Gospels. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1978.
The four gospels are written from different perspectives and to different audiences. This important book brings all four gospel accounts together, putting the material in a chronological order, bringing parallel passages together for easier study. The authors also have prepared several essays in the back of the book dealing with issues of interpretation and historical criticism.
Thomas, Robert L. New American Standard Exhaustive Concordance. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004.
A Concordance is a work which lists every word in the Bible individually (normally excluding common prepositions) and directs the reader to the verse where that word appears. When selecting a concordance the important thing to remember is to make certain that the one you choose matches the Bible version you are using. For example if you decide to use a New American Standard Bible for your text Bible, then you will want to purchase the New American Standard Exhaustive Concordance, Robert L. Thomas, General Editor.
Thompson, J. A. and Robert L. Thomas (ed.). The Bible and Archaeology. Carlisle, UK: Paternoster Press, 1973.
The subject of archaeology is important to Biblical studies in terms of history, culture, and Scripture manuscripts. This book gives an overview of important archaeological discoveries related to the Bible, and introductory information as to the actual work of archaeology.
Vine, W. E. Vine's Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1996.
This tool enables the English reader to begin to grasp the full meaning of Greek and Hebrew words of the Bible. The words are "transliterated" into English and excellent definitions are provided. Examples of the same words in other passages and other cross-references are added.
Warfield, B. B. Inspiration and Authority of the Bible. Phillipsburg: P & R Publishing; 2 edition, 1980.
This is perhaps the definitive book on the doctrine of the Bible, detailing the issues of verbal plenary inspiration, the authority of the Bible in the life of the believer and dealing with challenges from skeptics to the Bible.
Wiersbe, Warren. Bible Exposition Commentary (2 Vols). Wheaton: Victor Books, 1989.
This well known Bible teacher has created a two volume commentary based on his popular "BE" series. They will provide the reader with practical insights from the texts and excellent outlines of the Biblical books.